Life Insurance Basics: A Cheat Sheet to Help You Pick the Right Policy
By Pekin Insurance · Sep 1, 2019 ·2 min read
Have you ever read a thesis on quantum physics or advanced calculus? Skimming an insurance policy might give you the same confused feeling. So let’s get on the same page! These life insurance basics will help you understand different policies and pick the right coverage.
What the Dictionary Says About Life Insurance
Here’s a life insurance definition from dictionary.com:“Insurance providing for payment of a sum of money to a named beneficiary upon the death of the policyholder or to the policyholder if still living after reaching a specified age.”
This definition creates two questions:
- Who is the policyholder?
- Who is the beneficiary?
“The individual or firm in whose name an insurance policy is written; an insured.”
A policyholder is:
A beneficiary is:“A person designated as the recipient of funds or other property under a will, trust, insurance policy, etc.”
- The policyholder pays a premium (usually a recurring payment) to the insurance company to keep life insurance coverage active.
- The policyholder names a beneficiary or beneficiaries when she sets up a policy.
- The beneficiary receives the benefit (or sum of money) from the life insurance policy after the policyholder passes away.
Life Insurance Basics: Uses
It might not comfort you to think, “Sooooo, my life insurance only works after I die, then?”
Instead of dwelling on your final moments, think about how the life insurance benefit can be used to:
- Cover funeral expenses
- Donate to charity
- Fund a trust
- Keep a business going
- Pay bills
- Pay living expenses
- Wipe out debt
Calculating Your Life Insurance Needs
Go to Google and search for this: “How much life insurance do I need?” You’ll find some conflicting results. That’s because different people have different life insurance needs.
We can’t predict how much coverage you need down to the penny, but the following calculation method will get you started.
Your local Pekin Insurance agent will work with you to find the right coverage amount.
How Your Life Insurance Rates Are Determined
Your life insurance rates will be determined by a number of factors, including:
- Coverage amount
- Coverage type
- Tobacco use
- Height and weight
You might have to take a medical exam depending on the coverage you choose. A medical professional (probably a nurse) will ask you a series of health questions, and you might need to provide a urine or blood sample.
Simplified issue life insurance skips the medical exam. This kind of coverage might work best for someone who has health issues. Generally, simplified issue plans offer lower coverage limits than other life insurance policies.
Different Types of Life Insurance
Term Life Insurance Definition
Term life insurance costs less than other forms of life insurance.
It’s “term” insurance, so it provides coverage for a specified period of time. It’s great for covering specific debts like a home loan or expected college costs, but it might not account for your lifelong financial needs.
Your term life premiums can increase based on age and other factors. When your coverage term ends, you may have the option of converting your policy to a permanent life policy.
Permanent Life Insurance Definition